What Is Title Insurance?

As real estate is the nation's largest market, its purchase and sale is essential to the health of the U.S. economy.

However, these transactions are never without risk. That's why title insurance has been protecting American homeowners for more than 130 years.

Title Search and Exam

When you purchase a policy insuring you for matters relating to your car or health, the insurance company assesses the risk of insuring you, and bases its premium on the risk being assumed. With title insurance, the insurer first works to identify the status of ownership, liens and other matters affecting title by collecting documents affecting title from the public records that are statutorily identified for the recording of real estate transactions.

The process is call the search. Once the search is complete, the title insurance underwriter can then determine the insurability of the title and list exceptions from coverage and requirements to insure.

Undiscovered Risks

Of course, even the most skilled title professionals may not find all title problems. Other risks include matters that are more difficult to identify, such as title issues resulting from filing errors, forgeries, undisclosed heirs, and other unforseen problems. That's one reason why your title insurance policy can play a key role in protecting your real estate investment.

Loan Policy

When you purchase a new home or other piece of real property by securing a mortgage, you will be required by your lender to purchase a loan policy of title insurance. This policy insures the lender against covered title defects up to the amount of insurance. This coverage, in favor of the lender, lasts for the life of the loan under limited circumstances stated within the policy.

Owner's Policy

You will also have the option of purchasing an owner's policy of title insurance, which provides insurance directly to the insured owner listed in the policy, and describes the type of real property interest owned. The insurance in both an owner's and a loan plicy is subject to the policy provisions, which include the covered risks, exclusions from coverage, the conditions and the exceptions to title listed on a schedule to the policy.

Premium

You will pay a one-time premium for both the loan policy and the owner's policy at the close of your transaction, based on the total value of your home, and the amount  of your loan. This is another way in which title insurance differs from other insurance models, where premiums are paid on an ongoing basis. The purchase of a home or other real estate may be the largest financial investment you ever make. Title insurance can give you added peace of mind in knowing that the title to your invesment in insured.